The Correlation between Students’ Vocabulary Mastery and Students’ Reading Comprehension

Netty Huzniati Andas



Vocabulary is one of essential language element which help student to comprehend the reading text. Students are able to understand what they read easily if they have amount of vocabulary. Therefore, this research was aimed to explore the correlation of student’ vocabulary mastery and reading comprehension at the second Grade of SMPN 1 Kolaka. This research used quantitative descriptive design. The design of this research was quantitative descriptive. The population of this research was the second grade students of SMPN 1 Kolaka which was consisted of eight classes. The total number of the population was 206 students. To take the sample, the researcher used purposive sampling that was class VIIIB, it was comprised of 26 students. To gather the data, the researcher used two kinds of test; vocabulary test and reading test. The data was analyzed by using the formulation of Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The result of data analysis showed that rxy was 0.705 was higher than r­­t was 0.404 with the degree of freedom (df=N-nr) was 24. Meanwhile, from the result of hypothesis testing was α ≠ 0 or rxy was higher than rt which meant the score of vocabulary and reading was straight comparable. So that, H0 and H2 was rejected and H1 was accepted. It was indicated that there was a positive correlation between students’ vocabulary mastery and students’ reading comprehension at the second grade of SMP Negeri 1 kolaka in academic year 2017/2018.

Vocabulary Mastery
Reading Comprehension


How to Cite
Andas, N. H. (2020). The Correlation between Students’ Vocabulary Mastery and Students’ Reading Comprehension. LETS: Journal of Linguistics and English Teaching Studies, 2(1), 11-17.
Alqahtani, Mofareh (2019). The Importance of Vocabulary in Language Learning and How to be Taught. Intenational Journal of Teaching and Education Vol. III No. 3/2015, 21-34. DOI: 10.20472/TE.2015.3.3.002
Armbuster. (2002). Reading Instruction and Assessment. Understanding the IRA Standard. Boston: A Pearson Education Company
Bahri, D. S. (2018). The Correlation between Students‘ Vocabulary Mastery and Their Reading Comprehension at the Seventh Grade Students‘ of MTs Daarul Ihsan. Professional Journal of English Education Vol.1 No.2/2018, 77-84. DOI:
Bishry, Hasnul. (2018) The Correlation Between Vocabulary Master and Reading Comprehension. Jurnal Tarbawi: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Vol.14 No.02/2018. 63-68. DOI:
Duff, Dawna; Tomblin.J.Bruce; Catts, Hugh (2015). The Influence of Reading on Vocabulary Growth: A Case for a Matthew Effect. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research Vol.58 No.13/2015, 853-864. DOI: 10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-13-0310
Fachruddin, A.,T.,C. (2020). Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) Approach: Implications on Reading Comprehension. Eternal. 6 (1). 65-76.
Faliyanti, Eva (2015). The Correlation Between Students‘ Vocabulary Mastery and Their Interest in English Towaed Reading Comprehension in Descriptive Text. Premise Journal Vol. 4 No.2/2015, 68-76. DOI:
Furqon, Fajar (2013). Correlation between Students’ Vocabulary Mastery and Their Reading Comprehension. Journal of English and Education Vol. 1 No. 1/2013, 68-80. Retrieved from
Qarqez, Mohammed; Ab Rashid Radzuwan (2017). Reading Comprehension among EFL Learners: The case of First and Second Year Students at Yarmouk University in Jordan. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Vol. 8 No.3/2017, 421-431. DOI:
RafiqaR. (2017). The English Vocabulary Acquisition of the Students of State Junior High School 2 Parepare. EDUVELOP, 1(1), 18-35.
Rosita, Y., & Karman, K. (2019). Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension by Using Think Talk Write (TTW). LETS: Journal of Linguistics and English Teaching Studies, 1(1), 25-43.
Sugiono. (2013). “Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, Dan Kombinasi (Mixed Methods)”, Edisi Keempat, Bandung : ALFABETA.
Viera,Tovar Rodrigo (2017). Vocabulary Knowledge in the Production of Written Texts: A Case Study on EFL Language Learners. Revista Tecnmologica ESPOL-RTE Vol.30 No. 3/2017, 89-105.
Zhang, L. Jun; Annual, S. Bin (2008). The Role of Vocabulary in Reading Comprehension: The Case of Secondary School Students in Learning English in Singapore. RELC Journal Vol.39 No.1/2008, 51-76. DOI: 10.1177/0033688208091140