Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement
(based on Elsevier recommendations and
COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors)

Ethical guidelines for journal publication

LETS is responsible for ensuring ethics in publication which are applied to produce high quality articles. Moreover, LETS Journal follows the Code of Conduct as defined by the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE). These ethics support the efforts of editor, authors’ contributions, and reviewers in performing their duties as well as provide procedures for handling complaints.

As a journal that follows standards of ethical behavior, it is expected of all parties: Authors, Editors, Reviewers, and the Publisher fulfill the practice guidelines accordingly.

In particular,

Authors: Authors should present an accurate discussion of the significance of the work as well as sufficient detail and references to enable others to reproduce the research. False or intentionally inaccurate statements create unethical and improper behavior. Review articles should also be objective, comprehensive, and accurate. The authors should confirm that their work is fully original works, and if the work has been applied, this has been properly recognized. Plagiarism and submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal is totally unethical and unacceptable. Authors should not also submit articles previously published elsewhere to the journal. The author should indicate that all co-authors have affirmed the final version of the paper and its submission for publication. The author should also give acknowledgement to those who have made contributions to the research.

Editors: Editors should select and assess manuscripts meticulously on the basis of their academic expertise. They emphasize academic integrity and process individual data in confidential manner. They also have a responsibility to act if any misconduct and to accentuate the integrity of the academic record. The editors should not disclose any information in the editor's own research without the written consent of the author. They should take reasonable and realistic respond and measures when ethical complaints occur concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper. The editor should contact and consult with the author. Corrections and revisions of the paper may also be required.

Reviewers: The reviewer should not disclose or discussed with others about the manuscript received. It should be treated as confidential documents. Ideas and information obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for individual benefit. The reviewers should review the paper and learn to formulate clearly with supporting arguments. Hence the authors can use them for refining the paper. The reviewers should immediately notify the editor and ask a permit for the review process. In addition, the reviewers inform the authors if the manuscript contained fraudulent material and plagiarized data.

Reviewers are not encouraged to review documents in which they have conflicts of interest and have academic relationship. They should promote competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.